Royal Dutch Shell is considering making it mandatory for workers in some operations to get COVID-19 vaccinations or risk being fired, an internal company document seen by Reuters shows.
Shell, which employs some 86,000 workers in more than 70 countries, will weigh the pros and cons of the policy at an executive committee meeting on Friday, said two sources who declined to be identified. Shell declined to comment.
Companies around the world are grappling with their response to COVID-19 vaccinations as some countries struggle to inoculate their population and as some people refuse to be vaccinated. Numerous energy companies witnessed heavy outbreaks beginning in 2020, particularly on offshore facilities, where workers are susceptible to infection because they work in close quarters for weeks at a time.
Chevron Corp, the second-largest U.S. oil producer, and refiner Valero Energy Corp are requiring vaccinations for certain field workers or new workers, while leading Permian producer Pioneer Natural Resources is requiring newly hired employees to be fully vaccinated before their first day of work.
The largest U.S. producer, Exxon Mobil, does not have a vaccine mandate, it said on Thursday.
Shell's internal memo, dated Sept. 1, recommends that the company should overall "stay the course with our current policy of strong advocacy for vaccination, but no compulsion," adding however that it should consider introducing a vaccine mandate for specific operations.
That would include employees on offshore rigs where self-isolation and evacuation are complex and highly disruptive, the document said.
Those who refuse could face dismissal.
"For staff who refuse to comply with a vaccine mandate we would make all reasonable efforts to avoid terminating their employment but will be faced with no alternative but to do so," the document said.
Shell's trading division has already requested a vaccine mandate "because social distancing is impossible to achieve on a trading floor."
The company is also already actively exploring the introduction of the policy for offshore workers in the Gulf of Mexico, the document said.
Shell has already adopted a "soft enforcement" vaccination policy in the Gulf of Mexico and in the onshore Permian shale basin operations under which employees and contractors must produce a negative COVID-19 test or proof of vaccination to access Shell sites, the document said.
Shell rival BP Plc said in a statement that for now it doesn't have any specific vaccination mandates in place, other than where required under any national or local rules.
The internal Shell document was first reported by the Financial Times on Wednesday.
Exxon Mobil Corp, which has no mandates in place, said on Thursday it strongly encourages COVID-19 shots and expects non-vaccinated staff members to wear masks indoors when six feet of social distancing is not possible.
The company is deferring to those vaccinated to use their best judgment and consider wearing masks when in crowded areas for extended periods of time.
"We will continue to monitor guidance from health organizations and the effectiveness of our mitigation efforts, and make adjustments if and when they are needed," Exxon's spokesperson Casey Norton said.
Suncor Energy, Canada's second-largest oil company, said on Thursday it is expanding mandatory COVID-19 testing at locations across North America for people who have not received two doses of vaccine, but is not mandating vaccinations.
Canadian Natural Resources Ltd, the country's biggest producer, introduced daily COVID-19 tests for unvaccinated workers at its oil sands sites in late August.
Some smaller Gulf of Mexico producers, including QuarterNorth Energy Holding Inc, have not yet introduced vaccine mandates.
(Reporting by Ron Bousso and Sabrina Valle; additional reporting by Jessica Resnick-Ault and Nia Williams; editing by Elaine Hardcastle, Bernadette Baum and Jonathan Oatis)