The year 2020 is on course to be the quietest year for upstream transactions in the Asia Pacific region since the beginning of the 21st century, energy intelligence firm Wood Mackenzie said in a report this week, adding that the activity is expected to bounce back in 2021.
As of mid-November, only US$426 million of assets have changed hands this year, down over 90% from the US$5.1 billion transacted in 2019.
Globally, upstream M&A has felt the pandemic’s impact acutely, as commodity prices fall, and operators shelve growth plans in favour of resilience and long-term strategic planning, Woodmac said.
However, Woodmac expects the situation to change, with strategic repositioning underway in the face of energy transition.
Wood Mackenzie's principal analyst Alay Patel said: “Never before has the upstream industry been challenged to this extent. The combination of the oil price crash, Covid-19, and rising pressure to comply with ESG standards have created the perfect storm in the upstream industry.
“This means we can expect deal activity to bounce back over the next 12 months as buyer-seller price expectations converge, and the recent uptick in global M&A driven by consolidation of North American players spills over to divestment of non-core Asia Pacific assets.”
$12B Worth of Assets up for Sale, But Who Will Buy?
Wood Mackenzie estimates around US$12 billion (NPV10) of upstream assets in the market or rumoured to be for sale/ farm down across Asia Pacific. Portfolio rationalization, financial deleveraging and decarbonization in preparation for the energy transition are key drivers of these divestments.
Unsurprisingly, Woodmac said, majors and large cap international oil companies are the primary sellers of assets; a trend which has accelerated since the oil price crash in Q1 2020.
A deeper dive into sub-regional breakdown reveals that over half of the assets on sale come from Australia and New Zealand. LNG opportunities account for almost 60% of the 5.8 billion barrels of oil equivalent of resources on offer.
Research director Andrew Harwood said: “If we look further ahead towards potential farm downs or future candidates for divestment, we assess a further US$26 billion of assets could come to the market as corporate strategies evolve.
“The big question on the minds of many market watchers is who will step up to acquire the many assets coming to the market.”
Wood Mackenzie says that potential buyers are slowly emerging, targeting specific geographies and asset types.
"Asian national oil companies, regional specialists and infrastructure funds are likely to be key buyers. Private Equity-backed buyers could also make a splash in the region as they adapt their strategies to the new upstream outlook," Woodmac said.
"These players may not be the traditional buyers of mature assets in Asia Pacific. Hence policy makers, regulators and investors must become familiar with the strategic objectives of these new buyers as the region’s corporate landscape undergoes its own transformation," Woodmac concluded.